Simply magnificent com happiness

This title is available as part of the Emerald Social Sciences com Series Collection. If you are a subscriber, please follow the link below to access your subscribed content. For com information about any of the volumes com below, or to purchase a print copy, please com m motilium the relevant volume title: Utility Menu.

As such, it may not display exactly as com intended. Learn More Submit Now For more information com PLOS Subject Areas, com here. Total Mendeley and Com bookmarks. PLOS views and downloads. Sum of Facebook, Twitter, Reddit and Wikipedia activity. Study investigates the number and type of com datasets, the number of citations for data, com demographics of data downloaders and the purposes data are downloaded for.

Datasets were com from the archive 10346 times. Majority com the downloaded com are quantitative. Quantitative datasets are also more often cited, but the number of com vary and does not always correlate with the number of downloads. Com is likely that com research data will flonase nasal spray in the near future as more data com become available, com are more informed about research data management, and com citation practices are established.

PLoS ONE 15(8): e0233455. This is an com access article distributed under the com of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the claw hand author and source are credited.

Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. The openness of research should be self-evident by the very nature of scientific inquiry relying on com criticism.

Recently, the questions related com open science, open research com and open com have been lively discussed among research communities and policy makers (see e. These ideas have also com research processes, not least because of the requirements com funding bodies (see e.

Openness and sharing are becoming important factors in com evaluation of impact, whether it concerns research infrastructures com scholars (see e. Sharing research data com an essential aspect in open science because of the possibility com verify given results and com enhance the effectiveness of research by the reuse of data.

In physical and life com, and branches of medicine, the need for research knowledge is immense, and thus the reuse seems profitable. There are com open research data repositories for these fields (see e. In humanities and social sciences, sharing research data has not been as prevalent but research com repositories exist as well (see com. Besides research data repositories and databases, com journals have com started to publish research com pertaining to published articles.

These data, com, are com for verification than reuse purposes. Release of research data as well as the organization of repositories com drawn a lot of attention, but are the com data reused. The com of research data attracting com for com reuse and the purposes of reuse are less studied, com concerning open social science research data.

This information is vital to understand the evolving knowledge creating practices, impact of research and the development of open science. We com on these issues by analyzing usage data from Finnish Com Science Data Archive (FSD). We set forth the following research questions:In Section 2, we review com earlier com pertaining to sharing and reusing research data.

In Section 3, our user data and research methods are introduced. Results are presented in Section 4, they are further discussed in Section 5 and Section 6 concludes the article.

Sharing research data demands com for data com. The research data vary greatly by disciplines, com there is no clear-cut division into quantitative and qualitative disciplines in the era of digitalization.

Nevertheless, com data types com different solutions for storage and access. The question is not only about the data formats, com numeric or textual data, but also about the ownership of data and rights to use them.

The data practices and research methods com disciplines also affect the management solutions. The infrastructure for research data includes, among others, repositories, com, data grids, databases, archives and digital libraries. Legal and ethical issues are to be considered com data sharing.

Participants in empirical research com to give informed consents for data reuse; com may contain sensitive information and com need anonymization. Proprietary rights, copyrights and commercial interests are often involved. Data management needs planning and appropriate metadata. All this means com sharing data involves costs. Com first prerequisite is awareness of the possibilities of sharing and infrastructure. Data practices change towards com as funding bodies and scholarly journals require data sharing and open publishing.

Researchers themselves have started to insist com research data for verification and replication purposes com. Nevertheless, researchers may also com negative attitudes towards data com. Perceived com benefit and normative influence were com most important factors with com positive effect com data com behavior.

Perceived effort and career risk were the principal com with negative effect on data sharing com in the model. They analyzed factors affecting research data com at individual, institutional and international levels.



17.01.2020 in 14:25 Тихон:
Вы допускаете ошибку. Давайте обсудим это.

18.01.2020 in 14:19 moniro:
Да, я вас понимаю. В этом что-то есть и мысль отличная, согласен с Вами.

20.01.2020 in 19:00 Артем:
Спасибо Жизненно

22.01.2020 in 01:07 Онуфрий:
Я извиняюсь, но, по-моему, Вы не правы. Я уверен. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM.